The We Are Fire Toolkit is an online knowledge product and was created for educational purposes providing wise practices, lessons learned and resources in applying Indigenous-led fire practices and settler and state-led fire management in the Saskatchewan River Delta.

This Toolkit prepared by the Muskrats to Moose Project Team is a resource for general information only. We are a collaborative and multidisciplinary group of individuals of Indigenous and non-Indigenous heritage. We have knowledge and expertise in cross-cultural relations and writing, education and land-based learning, expressive arts, forestry, Indigenous and intergovernmental relations, natural resource management, public policy and administration, water resource management and wildfire science (Indigenous-led fire practices and settler and state-led fire management).

In the spirit of continuous improvement, we are always learning more about the connections between fire, cultures and ecosystems. So, we anticipate that some of the wise practices, resources and reflections shared in the We Are Fire Toolkit may change as new information comes forward. In the We Are Fire Toolkit, wise practices and resources (including websites) are current as of March 2023.

The views, opinions, calls to action, resources and conclusions described in the We Are Fire Toolkit are intended to share themes, lessons learned and wise practices that are representative of stories, knowledge and lived experiences from individuals and groups who access and live in and around the Saskatchewan River Delta in Saskatchewan, Canada. The information in the We Are Fire Toolkit will not fit every region or jurisdiction in Canada or every First NationsInuit and Métis community, nor is the Toolkit a comprehensive list of all Indigenous-led fire stewardship activities and programs occurring in Saskatchewan.

Wise practices and resources are based on group or community strengths and are grounded in ways of knowing and experiences in Indigenous-led fire practices and settler and state-led fire management—so they may vary from one group, community or jurisdiction to the next. We recognize that wise practices and resources in one group or community may not apply to all groups and communities.

Stories from EldersIndigenous fire practitioners and non-Indigenous allies along with Youth artwork in the We Are Fire Toolkit were shared with permission from the storytellers and Youth artists and their parents or legal guardians if the Youth artists were 18 years of age or under. The Youth artists continue to own and possess the copyright for their individual expressive art pieces.

In order to support culturally congruent and ethical standards in collecting, protecting, utilizing and sharing of data during the Muskrats to Moose Project, we adhered to the First Nations Information Governance Centre’s OCAP Standards – Ownership, Control, Access and Possession.

Purpose, intent and informed consent in the sharing and use of data are embedded throughout the Muskrats to Moose Project—recognizing that informed consent is a process, not a one-time event. The Muskrats to Moose Project Team established protocols regarding data ownership, secondary uses and authorship to align our Muskrats to Moose Project practices respectfully and wisely.

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Swampy Cree dialect was shared in audio format in select sections of the We Are Fire Toolkit as accurately as possible and spoken by a local Swampy Cree fluent speaker. With humility and respect for the Cree language as a primarily oral language, we recognize that there are variations or different dialects. Therefore, stories, key words and phrases were documented as accurately as possible in the local Swampy Cree dialect and English. Like our Elders say, “You speak as you know how." What is important is, “I understand you.”

While you learn about applying Indigenous-led fire practices and settler and state-led fire management in the We Are Fire Toolkit, the Muskrats to Moose Project Team, as well as any and all contributors to this Toolkit, makes no warranty or representation of any kind, whether expressed or implied, concerning the accuracy, product or process discussed in the We Are Fire Toolkit and assumes no liability.

The information in the We Are Fire Toolkit should not be used without first securing competent guidance in Indigenous-led fire practices and settler and state-led fire management with respect to its suitability for any general or specific application to a site.

It is essential to seek expert guidance, hands-on teaching and supervision with ethical and recognized EldersIndigenous fire practitioners or non-Indigenous settler and state-led fire management subject matter experts and allies when applying Indigenous-led fire practices and settler and state-led fire management on the land. 

Fire can be dangerous when used in a wrong way.

Furthermore, reading the We Are Fire Toolkit does not make you an expert or fire practitioner in Indigenous-led fire stewardship or settler and state-led fire management.

The Muskrats to Moose Project Team, as well as any and all contributors to the We Are Fire Toolkit, accept no responsibility of liability for any loss or damage that any person may sustain as a result of the information in, or anything done or omitted pursuant, to this Toolkit. Anyone using this information assumes all liability arising from such use.

The views expressed in the We Are Fire Toolkit do not necessarily represent the views of Natural Resources Canada – Government of Canada or the Government of Saskatchewan.