Resources

You will find several resources, for example, videos, websites, books, articles and networks, listed here that can be of assistance to you when learning about and engaging in Indigenous-led fire stewardship.

Note: This is not intended to be an exhaustive list of Indigenous-led fire stewardship resources. These resources and accompanying hyperlinks are current as of March 2023.

Saskatchewan

  • Big Eddy Lodge
    • This video is about Big Eddy Lodge, a hunting, fishing and ecotherapy lodge on the Saskatchewan River Delta and home to Solomon and Renée Carrière.
  • Iskōtēw Response 10L/20L Curriculum
    • This report describes the land-based wildland firefighting curriculum developed by Renée Carrière, with the assistance of Northern Lights School Division (N.L.S.D) #113 consultants. This locally developed and provincially approved course has been delivered to Ministik Community School students of Cumberland House, Saskatchewan.
  • A Made-In-Saskatchewan Climate Change Strategy
    • This website provides information on the Government of Saskatchewan’s climate change strategy along with action plans, measurement indicators, reports, guides and relevant laws that support the province’s climate change priorities.
  • Métis Nation Saskatchewan
    • This website provides information about the Métis Nation-Saskatchewan which is the government representing Métis citizens in the Province of Saskatchewan.
  • Ministik Community School
    • Ministik Community School holds copies of the Muskrats to Moose: Braiding Cultural Burning and Western Fire Management Project interviews. To obtain a copy, please contact the Ministik Community School Library by email at charlebois@nlsd113.ca OR by fax at 1.306.888.2193.
  • Muskrats and Fire
    • This children’s book is based on Renée Carrière’s research on Indigenous-led uses of fire to support land management, for example, trapline burning, plant picking and muskrat trapping. This book has many connections to curriculum and can be used as a land-based learning resource.
  • Prince Albert Grand Council
    • This website provides information on governance and programs of the Prince Albert Grand Council. The Prince Albert Grand Council is one of the largest tribal councils in Canada with a membership of over 44,000, representing 12 First Nations and the 28 northern communities in the territories of Treaty 5, 6, 8 & 10. The Prince Albert Grand Council head office is located in Prince Albert, Saskatchewan.
  • Saskatchewan Public Safety Agency
    • This website provides information on Saskatchewan’s provincial agency on emergency management, fire safety and wildfire management.
  • Saskatchewan River Delta
    • This video describes and celebrates the cultural significance of the Saskatchewan River Delta.
  • Saskatchewan River Delta Conservation Initiative
    • This website describes the advocacy and related work of the Saskatchewan River Delta Conservation Initiative—an environmental conservation group committed to protecting the Delta in perpetuity.

Canada

  • Canada Wildfire
    • This website contains information and related resources on wildland fire science across Canada.
  • Canadian Forest Service
    • This website provides scientific and policy information and related resources on national forest sector issues across Canada.
  • Giving Voice to Cultural Safety of Indigenous Wildland Firefighters in Canada
    • This project is the first research of its kind to provide preliminary data on cultural safety and occupational health and safety based on the voices of Indigenous wildland firefighters across Canada. The executive summary and technical report provide insights on understanding Indigenous perspectives on wildland firefighting and wildland fire operations in Canada.
  • Fires of the Spring
    • This video highlights the research work of Henry T. Lewis regarding the historic uses of fire by Indigenous Peoples, including how Indigenous Peoples manage and rejuvenate ecosystems to support habitat restoration and diversity.
  • FireSmart Canada - Blazing the Trail: Celebrating Indigenous Fire Stewardship
    • Blazing the Trail details first-person stories, artwork and photos about Indigenous Peoples and fire stewardship. This book celebrates and shares wise practices and lessons learned in Indigenous-led fire stewardship in Canada across generations.
  • First Nations’ Emergency Services Society Adapt Program
    • Led by the First Nations’ Emergency Services Society (FNESS) in British Columbia, this program assesses climate change vulnerabilities such as drought and wildfires and gathers Indigenous cultural values and traditional burning knowledge from participating communities. From there, cultural burn plans are co-developed based on the braiding of Indigenous and non-Indigenous ways of knowing. A culturally relevant climate change adaptation evaluation framework is being co-developed to assess the effectiveness of cultural burn planning.
  • FNESS Integrated Fire Management Planning Approach
    • This video provides information on FNESS’s integrated fire management planning approach in British Columbia which supports holistic resource values in First Nations communities and surrounding areas of interest.
  • Indigenous Leadership Initiative
    • This website describes the work of an Indigenous-led not-for-profit organization dedicated to the advancement of Indigenous nationhood. Core programs include Indigenous guardianship, Indigenous protected and conserved areas and Indigenous land use planning and governance that support ecosystem stewardship.
  • Métis National Council Wildfire Workshop
    • This video highlights stories and knowledge from the 2022 Métis National Council Wildfire Workshop where Traditional Fire Keepers, (Indigenous and non-Indigenous) wildfire scholars and practitioners discussed the importance of reclaiming fire, putting fire on the land and renewing our connection to wildfire.
  • Métis Wildland Firefighters: Connecting with Traditional Land Stewardship
    • This video explores the important role that Métis wildland firefighters play in protecting the land and people’s properties across the Canadian Prairies. Métis wildland firefighters in Canada are featured in this video and share their individual and collective insights on how Indigenous Ecological Knowledge and cultural values influence their work and identities as Métis wildland firefighters.
  • National Centre for Truth and Reconciliation
    • This website is a collection of information about the truth and reconciliation journey in Canada. As Canadians, we all have individual and collective roles in understanding the living history of Indigenous Peoples in Canada and advancing reconciliation between Indigenous and non-Indigenous Peoples as outlined in the Truth and Reconciliation Commission of Canada’s Calls to Action.
  • OCAP ®
    • This website provides information about OCAP Principles which are First Nations standards in collecting, protecting, using and sharing data. OCAP stands for Ownership, Control, Access and Possession.
  • Revitalizing Traditional Fire Management in Tsilhqot’in Territory
    • This website provides information on the work of Yunesit’in and Xeni Gwet’in First Nations regarding the development, implementation and evaluation of an Indigenous-led fire stewardship program for Tsilhqot’in title lands and the Dasiqox Tribal Park area in the central interior area of British Columbia.

National Indigenous Strategies and Statements on Climate Change, Emergency Management, Fire and Indigenous Rights

  • Assembly of First Nations
    • This website provides information about the national advocacy role of the Assembly of First Nations. This role includes facilitation and coordination of national discussions and dialogue, legal and policy analysis and communications in areas such as emergency services and the environment.
  • Congress of Aboriginal Peoples
    • This website provides information about the national advocacy role of the Congress of Aboriginal Peoples who represent Indigenous Peoples who live off reserve in urban or rural settings across Canada.
  • Inuit Tapiriit Kanatami
    • The Inuit Tapiriit Kanatami (ITK) represents the protection and advancement of rights and interests of Inuit in Canada. In 2019, ITK launched a strategy focused on supporting Inuit in reducing greenhouse gas emissions and taking action to lessen climate change effects.

International

  • Clemson University Fire Tigers
    • This video features the Clemson University Fire Tigers Program based in South Carolina (USA). Through classroom and hands-on and experiential learning, this Program instructs students about land and forest management decision-making through the safe and effective use of prescribed burning practices.
  • Coalition of Prescribed Fire Councils
    • This website is a community of practice of prescribed fire councils focused on awareness, education and leadership in the use of prescribed fire across the United States of America.
  • Cultural Burning
    • In this video, W. Kamau Bell (CNN) learns about cultural burning practices, particularly Native American-led fire practices in the State of California (USA).
  • Cultural Burning and Collaborative Fire Research and Management: Approaches for Respectfully Partnering with Tribes
    • This webinar explores the work of Dr. Frank Lake (USA) regarding the decolonization of fire management. The webinar focuses on the history of cultural burning and ways to support collaborative wildland fire management with tribal partners.
  • Firesticks Alliance
    • This website shares the work of the Firesticks Alliance in Australia, an Indigenous-led network that focuses on cultural burning revitalization. Firesticks Alliance is committed to cultural learning and managing lands in a way that heals Country (the land).

      For more information about cultural burning certification and assessment, read the following article: Supporting the next generation of Indigenous Fire Practitioners.
  • Good Fire
    • This video is about how Native American-led fire practices can help improve biodiversity.
  • Good Fire: Stories of Indigenous Fire Stewardship Podcast
    • In this podcast, co-hosts Matthew Kristoff and Dr. Amy Cardinal Christianson invite guest speakers to explore how fire can support ecological health and cultural empowerment by Indigenous Peoples around the globe. “Good fire” is a term used to describe fire that is lit with the intention to achieve specific ecological and cultural goals. Good fire is about balance.
  • Indigenous Peoples Burning Network
    • This web page provides information on the Indigenous Peoples Burning Network which is a community of practice among Native American communities committed to cultural burning revitalization in a contemporary context.
  • State of California – prescribed burning operations and wildfires:
    In 2021, there were changes made in liability legislation for cultural burning in California (USA). The following laws have been amended to broaden the scope of prescribed burning operations and wildfires to recognize cultural burning revitalization and cultural burners.
  • Tending the Wild: Cultural Burning
    • This video shares stories and lived experiences of Native Americans in California who use fires to support ecosystem stewardship in meadows, coastal prairies and grassland areas.
  • Through the Fire: Restoring Forest Resilience
    • This video explores the use of prescribed fire in the Sycan Marsh (Oregon, USA) where fire effects (fire behaviour and forest management) were monitored before, during and after the Bootleg Fire. Fire effects monitoring in the Sycan Marsh is a partnership between The Nature Conservancy, The Klamath Tribes and the US Forest Service.
  • United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples
    • This document outlines all of the articles that make up the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples (UNDRIP). UNDRIP was adopted by the United Nations General Assembly on September 13, 2007 and by Canada in 2016. This declaration establishes a comprehensive international framework of minimum standards for the survival, dignity and well-being of the Indigenous Peoples of the world. It elaborates on existing human rights standards and fundamental freedoms as they apply to the specific situation of Indigenous Peoples.

 Indigenous-led Fire Planning Tools

  • Cumberland Delta Resource Management Fires Burn Plan
    • This is a digital copy of an Indigenous-led fire prescription for the Cumberland Delta wetlands in northern Saskatchewan. Readers have an opportunity to see a completed and approved Indigenous-led fire prescription that supports the rejuvenation of flora and fauna in these wetlands.